Annual Physical Exam Checklist for Females: What to Expect and How to Prepare

An annual physical exam is a crucial part of maintaining your overall health and well-being. It’s an opportunity for your healthcare provider to check in on your vital signs, review your medical history, and screen for any potential health concerns. It’s especially important for women to pay attention to their unique health needs and to stay on top of any necessary screenings or tests. In this blog post, we’ll be providing a comprehensive annual physical exam checklist for females to help you prepare for your next physical exam and ensure that you have the most productive appointment possible.

Review Your Medical History

Before your appointment, take some time to review your medical history and make a list of any health concerns or issues you would like to discuss with your healthcare provider. This might include family medical history, past illnesses, surgeries, or current medications. 

Be sure to also update your healthcare provider on any recent lifestyle changes, such as changes in your diet or exercise routine. It’s important to inform your healthcare provider of any chronic conditions you may have, such as diabetes, hypertension, or asthma, as well as any allergies you have to medications. Having this information readily available will help your healthcare provider to provide the best care possible.

annual physical exam checklist for females

Schedule Your Mammogram

As part of your annual physical exam, your healthcare provider will likely recommend that you schedule a mammogram. This screening test is used to detect breast cancer in women, and it’s recommended that women between the ages of 50 and 74 get a mammogram every 2 years. 

It’s important to keep in mind that the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends that women with an average risk for breast cancer should start getting screened for breast cancer at age 45, and that women should have the option to start screening earlier if they choose. If you are at a higher risk for breast cancer, your healthcare provider may recommend more frequent mammograms or additional imaging tests.

Pap Smear

Women between the ages of 21 and 65 should have a Pap smear every three years, or have a combined HPV test and Pap smear every five years to screen for cervical cancer. Your healthcare provider may also perform a pelvic exam, which is used to check for any abnormalities in the reproductive organs.

It’s important to keep in mind that while a Pap smear is an important screening test for cervical cancer, it is not a diagnostic test. If the results of your Pap smear are abnormal, your healthcare provider may recommend additional testing or a colposcopy, which is a more detailed examination of the cervix.

Bone Density Test

If you are over the age of 65 or are at risk for osteoporosis, your healthcare provider may recommend a bone density test. This test measures the density of your bones and can help detect osteoporosis, a condition that causes bones to become weak and brittle. Osteoporosis is a serious health condition that affects millions of women, and it can lead to fractures, particularly in the hips, spine, and wrists. If you are at risk for osteoporosis or have already been diagnosed with the condition, your healthcare provider may recommend a bone density test and a treatment plan that includes medication, diet, and exercise.

Blood Tests

Your healthcare provider will likely order a number of blood tests as part of your annual physical exam. These tests may include a complete blood count (CBC), a lipid panel to check cholesterol levels, and a thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) test to check for thyroid problems. Blood tests are an important part of a physical exam, as they can provide important information about your health, including your blood sugar and cholesterol levels. Depending on your age and health history, your healthcare provider may recommend additional blood tests such as liver function

Get Your Vaccinations

Getting your vaccinations is an important part of maintaining your overall health and well-being, and it’s especially important to stay up-to-date with your vaccinations as part of your annual physical exam. Based on your age, medical history, and lifestyle, your healthcare provider may recommend certain vaccinations for you to get. It’s important to ask about getting your flu vaccine (as it’s recommended to get it annually), tetanus vaccine, and HPV vaccine as they can prevent serious illnesses.

Moreover, it’s important to be aware that there may be different recommendations for vaccinations depending on your age, pregnancy status, and other health conditions. For example, women who are pregnant should get a pertussis (whooping cough) vaccine and a flu shot to protect themselves and their baby. It’s also important to keep track of your vaccinations by keeping a vaccination record, this way you will always have a handy reference on what vaccination you need and when they were done.

Be Honest and Open

Your healthcare provider is there to help you stay healthy, so it’s important to be honest and open with them about your health concerns. Don’t be afraid to ask questions or share your concerns, and be sure to take note of any recommendations or advice that your healthcare provider gives you. 

If you’re worried about forgetting something, take some notes beforehand to write down any questions or concerns. You can take the notebook with you to your appointment and take notes on what you’ve written as it’s addressed during your appointment. Plus, you may even want to take this annual physical exam checklist for females along with you so that you feel totally prepared for your appointment.

Sync With Your Menstrual Cycle

Schedule your annual physical exam for a date that is in between your menstruation days. While it’s perfectly okay to have a physical exam while on your period, it’s best to schedule around those days if possible. This way you ensure that you’re feeling your best and are completely comfortable during the exam.

Bringing someone for support to an annual physical exam can be a great idea for many people, especially for those who might feel anxious or nervous about the appointment. Having a friend, family member, or loved one by your side can provide emotional support and help you feel more at ease during the exam.

They can also be a valuable resource in helping you understand and remember the information discussed during the appointment, and they can even help you ask any questions you may have. You may even want to send them this annual physical exam checklist for females to review as well!

Having someone with you can also be beneficial if you have difficulty communicating with your healthcare provider. They can assist you in relaying important information or help you understand the information provided by the healthcare provider. This can be especially helpful if you have a language barrier or difficulty hearing.

While it’s not always necessary to bring someone with you to your appointment, it can be very helpful in certain situations. Consider bringing someone with you to your next physical exam.

Annual Physical Checklist by Age for Females

Learn about the annual physical exam checklist by age for females

It’s important to note that specific recommendations for an annual physical examination can vary depending on an individual’s medical history, risk factors, the guidance of their healthcare provider, as well as their age. Here, we provide a general breakdown of what might be included in an annual physical checklist for females by age group. Remember to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice if some of the following don’t adhere to you:

For females in their teens (often referred to as “school physicals” or “sports physicals”):

  1. Medical History Review: The healthcare provider will ask questions about the student’s medical history, including any past illnesses, surgeries, allergies, and medications.

  2. Vital Signs: Measurement of vital signs such as blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate to ensure they are within a healthy range.

  3. Vision and Hearing Screening: Basic vision and hearing tests may be conducted to identify any issues that could affect the student’s performance in school or sports.

  4. Height and Weight Measurement: These measurements are used to track growth and ensure the student is within a healthy weight range.

  5. Musculoskeletal Examination: The provider may perform a basic musculoskeletal assessment to check for any physical limitations or joint issues that could impact sports participation.

  6. Cardiovascular Examination: This may include listening to the heart and lungs to ensure there are no significant cardiac or respiratory issues.

  7. Discussion of Current Health Concerns: The healthcare provider will ask about any current health concerns, injuries, or symptoms the student may be experiencing.

  8. Immunization Status: Reviewing the student’s immunization records to ensure they are up-to-date on required vaccines, including tetanus and meningitis vaccines.

  9. Discussion of Menstrual Health: For teenage females, there may be a discussion about menstrual health, including the regularity of periods and any related concerns.

  10. Discussion of Sports Participation: If the physical is required for sports participation, the provider may discuss the student’s fitness level and any specific health recommendations for their chosen sport.

For females in their 20s:

  1. Medical History Review: The healthcare provider will review your medical history, including any past illnesses, surgeries, medications, and family medical history.

  2. Blood Pressure Measurement: Checking your blood pressure is essential to monitor your heart health.

  3. Cholesterol and Lipid Profile: Some healthcare providers may recommend cholesterol testing if you have risk factors like a family history of heart disease.

  4. Breast Examination: Depending on individual risk factors and family history, a breast examination may be included.

  5. Pelvic Exam and Pap Smear: Cervical cancer screening typically starts at age 21, or earlier if recommended by your healthcare provider.

  6. Immunizations: Ensuring that your vaccinations are up-to-date, including the HPV vaccine if not already administered.

  7. Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Screening: Depending on sexual activity and risk factors, STI screening may be recommended.

  8. Skin Examination: Skin checks for moles or unusual spots, especially if you have a family history of skin cancer.

  9. Discussion of Birth Control and Reproductive Health: If sexually active, discuss contraception options and family planning.

For females in their 30s and 40s: In addition to the above, consider the following:

  1. Mammogram: Starting in your 40s, you may be recommended for regular mammograms for breast cancer screening.

  2. Bone Density Test: Starting around age 40, discuss with your healthcare provider whether you need a bone density test to assess your risk of osteoporosis.

  3. Thyroid Function Testing: Thyroid function may change with age, so thyroid hormone testing may be considered.

For females in their 50s and beyond: In addition to the above, consider the following:

  1. Colorectal Cancer Screening: Regular colonoscopies or other colorectal cancer screening methods may be recommended, typically starting at age 50.

  2. Osteoporosis Screening: Osteoporosis screening may continue, depending on your risk factors and previous test results.

  3. Discussion of Menopause: If you are approaching or have gone through menopause, discuss any symptoms and potential hormone therapy with your healthcare provider.

  4. Eye and Hearing Exams: Regular vision and hearing tests become more important as you age.

  5. Heart Health: Continue monitoring blood pressure, cholesterol, and overall heart health.

  6. Immunizations: Stay up-to-date with recommended vaccines, including flu shots and any booster shots as recommended.

Remember that these annual physical exam checklists by age are general guidelines, and individual healthcare needs can vary. It’s crucial to maintain open communication with your healthcare provider to discuss any specific concerns, symptoms, or risk factors you may have, as they can provide personalized recommendations for your annual checkup.

Be Prepared

Preparing for your annual physical exam can seem overwhelming, but it’s an important step in maintaining your overall health and well-being. Use this checklist to help you prepare for your next appointment and make the most of your time with your healthcare provider.